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Exploration Loop

Xian County, Hebei

2020

Sunshine Kindergarten is a progressive school that offers innovative learning and STEAM curriculum to a disadvantaged rural community in Hebei, China. The project upgrades and expands the facilities of an existing school that was founded in 2004.


The design of the school encourages early learners to feed their curiosity and engage in creative exploration at an extremely formative period in their lives. The design introduces a covered walkway in the form of a loop that links new learning spaces to pre-existing ones. Disparate elements of the original school are woven together as a unified whole. The loop becomes a social condenser where students mix and interact with intersecting spaces and programs. Also connected to the loop is a new multipurpose hall that serves as a central column-less social space.

A flexible, informal learning space, the loop encourage self-directed exploration. The area under the loop supports activities that require more space, such as building large structures out of foam blocks. This space can also be transformed into imaginary environments for role-play such as a market street with food carts, and it can serve as an indoor play area when the weather is poor. Such activity is naturally led by the interests of each individual. In this way, space takes on the role of the ‘third teacher’ by supporting self-directed learning and helping to lighten the workload of teachers.

The Sunshine Kindergarten includes areas for large and small performances, a range of playscapes, as well as classrooms set up for traditional teaching. The design incorporates ways to connect students to the real world through experience-based learning. The school has indoor and outdoor gardens for students to learn from nature. Two STEAM classrooms are designed with hands-on activities in mind. There are kitchen and woodworking facilities and spaces that support activities for art, engineering, and astronomy. A mobile STEAM corner allows teachers the ability to bring such activities to different places in the school.


To help students build confidence and learn self reliance, the school is designed to the scale of young children. A mini outdoor stage structure, tree house and green house are intimately sized for early learners. Small nooks in classrooms allow for personal space and focused activities. And appropriately-scaled furniture and shelving provide tools and materials that are easily within the reach of young learners, encouraging independence.

The design nurtures social interaction and creates a cohesive learning community through an interconnected campus of diverse spaces and program. By strategically incorporating spaces and tools for autonomous play and development, the design aims to cultivate lifelong learners of tomorrow.

Exploration Loop

Client:Xian County Sunshine Kindergarten

Location:Xian County, Hebei

Date of Completion: Nov 2020

Principals:He Zhe, James Shen, Zang Feng

Project Team:Kong Ming, Xu Jialing, Wang Yibo, Anouchka van Driel, Kim Dahyun, Lin Yirou

Photographer:Zhu Yumeng

Design Year:August 2019

Area:2165 sqm

Structural Design:Yu Fengbo

STEAM Space Project Funder:Leping Social Entrepreneur Foundation